Snail farming business in Nigeria has become very lucrative for the past few years and many people are now interested to learn how to start snail farming business in Nigeria. Unlike other farming businesses, snail farming needs adequate care with less finance to start and run the business.
Snails are very lucrative and relatively easy to farm as they are not harmful to people and do not have a bad smell. It also does not require much amount of money to start as you can start small and grow with time and with an estimated amount of 150,000 Naira; one can start a commercial snail farming business. However, having more available money is an advantage to boost your business and turn to more profits for your farming business.
Snails have both female and male genital organs but cannot mate with oneself as they need another snail for mating. The most common snails you can start in Nigeria are Achatina Achatina, Archachatina Marginata and Achatina Fulica and all are eatable but there are more species of snails but this one are more common in the Nigeria markets and consumable. Let me describe these three species quickly and how to identify them.
These snails are considered to be the largest in the world. Its length is about 18cm with an average diameter of 9cm. It has a life span of about 7-9 years and the shell is conical in shape and fairly pointed. it mostly attains sexual maturity within 21 to 24 months and lays about 4-300 eggs per batch and the eggs has the shape of oval.
These category of snails are also very common in Nigeria and are easy to farm. They have raised V ridge on their tail that you can easily feel if you touch it with a wet finger. Their sexual maturity starts at about 9-10 months and lays about 7-9 eggs at one clutch. It totally lays 3 04 4 clutches seasonal.
This specie is available in Nigeria too and has a life span of 6-8 years. It is mostly 12 cm in length for adult one with a diameter of 6cm. The shell is conical in shape and fairly pointed and it lays a very large amount of eggs in a batch. It lays about 35-900 eggs in clutches a year.
Related: How to start bottled water company
Starting your snail farming business
The farming is raising snails is called Heliciculture and considering starting your own snail farming business, you have to focus first on these followings:
1. Snail House/Pen
This is where the snails will live, feed and lay their eggs. It is their home and snails are sensitive to temperatures, so you have to make a very suitable condition for them. If you are starting small then you can start in a little space like a rubber tyre but I am much focused on telling you to concentrate on the large scale as you will have to make a concrete pen and cover it with wire all around to prevent the snails from escaping and also to keep away predators from eating up your snail.
Spray loamy soil on the ground of your pen of up to one feet and put leaves to shelter the snails as they prefer dark places and make it easy for you to sprinkle water when needed as snails eat much and reproduce during wet seasons. So you can make most of the seasons to be wet.
2. Snail Feeding
Snails mostly feed on leaves and most of the leaves or fruits are not expensive. It is one of the reasons that makes snail farming business easy to start and run but with adequate care. Some of the foods are Banana leaves, spinach leaves, coco yam leaves, lettuce, pawpaw leaves and other fruits are apple, cucumber, carrot, peppers, green beans, tomatoes and sweet corn.