Chinedu Nwaigene May 11, 2015
poultry Farming in Nigeria

Recently many people have realized that practicing poultry farming in Nigeria is a very lucrative business to start . There is a huge demand for chicken meats, turkey meat etc. in Nigeria but most of these meats are being imported into Nigeria.

Starting poultry farming in Nigeria is ideal business to venture because of its lucrative turnover and it is an essential commodity and has numerous target market.

In Nigeria, Poultry farming outputs are more expensive than most of other forms of meat because of the great health benefits of white meat. Many Doctors have recommended their patients to take more of white meat than red meat and this made starting a poultry farming a lucrative and formidable business to do in Nigeria with a population of more than 170 million.

I knew of a friend who just graduated from a government University and ventured into poultry farming in small scale production as he started with less money. He raised the chicken in their compound.  He has his good chicken feeds techniques and when the chicken grown old, he will kill and froze it. He prefers to sell it as frozen and makes more money every time. Soon after he started, he begins to make more profit and expand his business to the surprise of every one, he bought private car for himself, bought two plots of land, build a bigger poultry house with some few equipments, employ few staff and also a small vehicle for conveying his poultry products.  Now he is doing it in a bigger way and still has room for improvement. His story, resilience, determination and hard work made him a spotlight.

Related: 15 business you can do on weekends

Now, I am going to share with you how you can start and run a lucrative poultry farming.


How to start Poultry farming business in Nigeria


There are many poultry farm product one can start in Nigeria like snail chicken, turkey, duck etc but in this article, I will focus on Chicken poultry farming. Starting a chicken farming does not make you a farmer but more of a business person. In the chicken industry there are three main sectors:


  • Layers


This set of chickens are mainly raised to produce eggs and they starts laying eggs at the age of 11 weeks and within some time they will start laying eggs regularly and frequently. Layers lay more eggs in warmer season than in the cooler season so bringing on lights in your poultry facilities will make the temperature warm and suitable for them to lay eggs.




  • Broilers

The set of Chickens are raised for meat production and they are suitable for consumption within the range of 6 weeks to 8 weeks of age. Though broilers have many breeds, I will recommend that if you want to buy your day old broiler always make sure that it is weighed above 36 grams. You have to provide them with much food as it will be converted to meat in their body system.





 Read Also: 21 ways to grow your business in Nigeria


  • Cockerel


It is very strong chicken and varies with its colors. It is mainly raised for hatching of eggs to smaller chicken. They are resilient and withstand many forms of bad weathers.

Chicken cockerel




Three Housing Methods of Raising a Poultry farm



1. Battery Cage Method


This type of method is very common in Nigeria and other countries. It is made of metal cages and arranged in rows. It allows the excretion to drop down easily and very easy in collecting the eggs of the chicken. Food is provided in front of the chickens while water is set above the food.



 Read: Why many business fail in Nigeria and how to avoid it


2. The deep litter system


This one is also commonly used and widely accepted and involves raising up the chicken in floor which is covered with some material while some prefers to use Saw dust. It enables the chicken to exercise themselves and move around while they eat drink and lay eggs.



3. Furnished Cage Method


This method is often used by some people who prefer to start their poultry farming in a very small scale type just like my friend started with. It involves constructing cage for the chickens which will house few chickens but with stages more chicks will fill up the area.


chicken cage



Key things to Note in Housing


  • Please make sure that there good ventilation in your poultry farm.
  • Make the place Clean to avoid any form of chicken disease of predator coming to eat chicken.
  • Concentrate in the temperature so that it will remain warm rather than too much cold or too much hot for the birds.
  • Make sure that there is enough space for the chickens tp walk around and don’t overcrowd your farm.


See: 19 Lucrative business to start with less money in Nigeria



This is very essential part of poultry farming in Nigeria as the feeds you give to your chicken will result to how fast and healthy they will grow. Make sure the feeds are nutritious for proper growth and also that the water is very fresh and clean at all time.


You can choose to buy your feeds from the sellers or make your own feed but as a beginner and small scale business man in the farming business, I recommend you purchase the feeds. Some feeds are recommended for the early stage of the chicken while others are good for the growth and some better for layers to be able to lay more eggs and some are more nutritious that it fattens the broilers more. So you have to always ask the sellers and dealers of the feed about what you want and for what purpose you want it to serve.



Always keep the surroundings clean to avoid any form of diseases and make sure that you staffs wear a glove when accessing the chickens for safety concerns. The birds also needs some regular checkups and vaccines to prevent diseases and promote growth.


 Things to stage up

  • Raise Capital: You can start small and grow with time. If you want to start at a minimal level then you have to consider starting with above 500,000 Naira.
  • Get a land: Location matters but I prefer you get a land where its cheap and easy access to market or consumers.
  • Have a business plan: You will need to have a detailed business plan on how to start, run and market your business. This is very vital for your business growth and sustainability.
  • Get the house built: Choose the type of house you will like to start with first and get it built in place. Make sure it is suitable for chickens.
  • Get the poultry equipments: Buy other poultry equipments like Water equipment, lighting system, waste disposal tray, egg tray, and when you grow so big you can add other features.



Products to sell from your chicken farms


Eggs:  Layers will lay more eggs according to the feeds and heating system in place when they are matured to lay eggs and one layer may lay more than 344 eggs a year. You will sell eggs and make profit as create of eggs is little expensive in Nigeria and parents like to give eggs to their children.

Meat:  Broilers will produce more meats that layers and it will be more expensive. Feed them very well with nutritious feed and they will grow fast and bigger. You will make more money selling off your chicken as people now consider eating white meat than red meat.

Excretion:  Poultry farm Excretion are converted to fertilizers and you will make money selling this fertilizers to farmers. Some fish farmers also like to use the excrete from chickens to make their feeds for fishes as it helps the fish to grow when the excrete produces maggots. You will make a lot of money as it is a very lucrative business to do in Nigeria.




 Marketing your Livestock


Marketing is very crucial in your poultry farming business as it displays the way you will reach out to your customers. You have to employ a good marketer for this aspect and try to use the marketing mix to outsmart your competitors.

Your Target Market:  It has a very wide area of target markets and some are as follows:

  • Fast food restaurants
  • Beer bars
  • Hotels/Guest house
  • Beer parlor or Mini restaurants
  • Markets
  • Personal consumers
  • Convenience stores
  • Frozen dealers



Starting a lucrative poultry business in Nigeria is a very lucrative thing to do considering the fact that Agriculture is a very booming sector in Nigeria and the federal government is supporting this farmers or business people with lots of incentives to motivate them to keep on doing their business. There are easier way now to acquire loan in the Agricultural Bank of Nigeria and there are many banks that are willing to support and finance the SMEs in Nigeria.

Please if you find this interesting, like the post share it a lot of times and I will like to have your thoughts or suggestions as comment below.

58 thoughts on “How to Start Profitable Poultry Farming in Nigeria

    1. I have publish about snail and will soon publish about fish. Do inform me the exact information you need. Thanks for your message.

  1. Thanks for this wonderful opportunity, but what is the role of Cockrell in the process of egg hatching.

    1. Thanks for your message. The cockerels are immature males and thus play no major role in egg hatching.. Only the Hens hatch the egg.

  2. hello, pls is it advisable to start with day old chicks or like 4 weeks old, hence am looking at the mortality rate for layers

    1. It’s advisable to start with weeks old as a beginner so that you will learn how to handle them and avoid anything that may lead to their deaths. Layers have 5 time mortality rate living in cage compares to floor. So I will advice you go with a good cage pen.

  3. you are God sent, I have been thinking of what to invest in. your write up has given me a choice. thanks
    John O.

  4. I am planning to start a poultry farm. Presently looking for a person/organization to partner with me or for a sponsorship. I have a land of over 20 acre located 2km from the main road and motor able.

  5. Poultry business(chicken) is what am interested in. I want to know if 500k can start it and if you require any training

  6. I will love to go into poultry but don’t have a full knowledge about it. can you pls send your contact number to enable me communicate with you

  7. Hello,

    Interesting post. Can you refer me to a consultant who can assist me in setting up business in Nigeria! We are into charcoal business and have our own facilities in Lebanon, am also considering other business ventures / ideas such as plantains and poultry.

    If you hook me up with the right people i’m willing to allocate a capital. Priority is for charcoal and secondary is chicken farm with 5000-10000 birds.

  8. What size of land can house 1000 broilers and how much would be enough to construct the house, feed the birds till maturity. Thanks

  9. thanks for this post, Please I need your phone contact. Please what size of land and how much would I need to set up the battery cage, other equipments and purchase chicks and feed for 2 months for 1000 birds. God bless you.

  10. mr admin is it very posible for someone to run a poultry farm far away from his place of residence?
    if i start with layers,what is the time duration before i start harvesting?
    what are the challenges one is expected to face during the training period?

  11. please how do I start the poultry business with just two hundred thousand naira without including buying of land.

  12. what a great info,i wouldn’t mind if we can communicate through my email, because i’ll like to ask some questions about setting up poultry.

  13. Thank To U For Ur Post. Pls I Want To Know How To Get A Poultry Farm For Rent In Nigeria, For A Start. Thank.

  14. enterprise boom i find your article very interesting and encouraging,iam very much interested in this poultry farming….pls elaborate more on the disadvantages…i will also like your time to time counselling.

  15. Thanks so much, pls I will contact you when am ready to start my own poultry business because is what I have in mind to do.

  16. A very lofty and thought-insighting piece. God bless u for this work. What are d challenges involved: epidemics, bird flu, and others. How does one cope with the challenges? You can please respond into my e-mail box. Thank you.

  17. Thank you for these great information and for creating such platform for Nigerian’s to be well informed about livestock farming. What are the disadvantages of building the deep little system in an undeveloped area ( bush ), kindly write me through my email if you don’t mind.

  18. Tnx 4 d wonderful information. I’ll b a graduate next month and av bin thinking of venturing in poultry business but I av only 100k to start with. Pls can did b possible

  19. Castrol, feeds varies in both prices and nutrients…So you can check at a market close to you where chicken are sold to know the better feed for that side and how to buy it in quantity.

    1. Raymond, I will write about it soon. Have researched with experiences from people that are into it…Thanks for stopping by.

  20. Please my question is ” can someone combined the two I mean both layers and broilers with success given the availability of financial resources.

  21. This is very informative, my mum used to be a poultry farmer and I wanted to have something of my own but I have been scared all along as I don’t know which to do first.
    This has really helped and I really appreciate it. God bless

  22. Jamiu start with broilers that will give you the idea on how it feels to handle those chicks before you venture the layers.
    Layers is long termed while broilers is ready in 2months or 3 atmost.

  23. For someone in the North East which one do you suggest to start with? I mean broiler & layer. Thanks

    1. Thanks Jamiu Muhammad.You can start with broilers as it grows faster and the dams for white meat is certain in that area. When you make some money then you can move over to layers gradually.



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