The demand for cement blocks is and will continue to be on the increase in Nigeria due to the ever-increasing need for more houses to be built to accommodate the ever-increasing population growth rate in the country. Cement blocks are needed for the construction of residential houses and homes, mosques, Churches, office buildings and shopping centres etc. As such, there is no end to the demand for cement blocks in the country. No, not anytime soon.
This business if undertaken with appropriate measures is capable of producing hundreds of thousands of naira for the would-be serious cement block industry investor. After all, it doesn’t cost so much to set up a cement block business in Nigeria. What is required is basically a good understanding of the business modus-operandi, purchase of necessary equipment and tools, registration with appropriate government agencies like the Standards Organization of Nigeria (SON), procurement of necessary manpower and lastly, raw materials.
In this article, therefore, I present to you a simplified blueprint on cement blocks production in Nigeria. I will elaborate on the above points and make necessary recommendations for success in the cement blocks industry in Nigeria.
What You Should Look Out For In The Land
The land on which you are to set up a cement block business is of high priority. Three things you are too consider when choosing a land to set up your cement blocks business. First, the land should be big enough, at least 60 x 120 plot dimension. This is preferable although something bigger is most preferable.
Secondly, the land should be dry and should not be in a swampy area. This is because setting your cement block business in a swampy land will affect the dryness rate of the cement blocks. Also, movement of vehicles in and out of the land could be hampered where the land is swampy and loose.
As such, it is advisable to site your cement block business on a dry and strong land which is fairly big enough and with the correct size.
Buy a Good Single Cylinder Diesel Lister
It is recommended that you buy a single cylinder diesel lister which when compared with the double cylinder lister has a lower fuel consumption rate and can power all your cement block production equipment efficiently.
Single cylinder diesel listers can power your water pumping machines, generating sets, cement moulding or vibrating machine efficiently. But always go for the original types. If you do not know how to differentiate the original from the fake single cylinder diesel lister, it is recommended that while buying, you go along with someone who has experience in the field.
An original single cylinder diesel lister produces less noise, consumes lesser fuel and lasts longer.
Stay Close To A Good Water Supply or Sink Your Borehole/Well
Cement block production consumes a lot of water which is why it is recommended that you stay close to be a good source of water supply. You need much water for mixing sand and cement aggregates and also for the moulding of the blocks itself.
After moulding the blocks, you need to water the blocks daily so as to increase their hardness. As you can see, it is not cost-effective to be buying water from third parties which is why it is most recommended to sink your own borehole or dig a well at your cement blocks plant.
Buy and Install A Vibrating Machine or Block Molder
You need to buy a block moulder otherwise called Vibrating Machine. This is the machine that does the cement block moulding or production. It is the machine that makes the shaky, croaky noise you hear from a cement block factory.
You can get a locally constructed one or alternatively, you can go for an exotic type imported from abroad. Most times, both the diesel lister and the vibrating machine could be combined, and this could at least N300,000. This price is subject to change depending on your location.
Construct Wooden Carriers
Wooden block careers as the name implies are wooden materials or placeholders for the blocks being moulded. They are used to convey the cement blocks from the vibrating machine or moulder to where they are sprayed for drying.
These may be easily constructed by carpenters in your area, and you should have at least 1000 pieces of them. Without the wooden block carriers. it is practically impossible to convey the cement blocks moulded via the vibrating machine to the place of drying. Wooded carriers are indisputable tools in cement blocks production.
Get Efficient & Trained Manpower
Cement block production is a tasking job. You must have trained personnel to man the machine. You need someone to operate the vibrating machine and at least two persons to help in the mixing of the cement and sand aggregate and passing same into the vibrating machine. Two other men are needed to help in conveying the blocks produced to the drying place.
In some cases, you may need a supervisor or manager take care of the technical aspect of the business, a driver and a few loaders to help in the delivery of the finished products to your customers or clients
Necessary Requirements for Cement and Sand
The main raw material for cement block production in Nigeria and anywhere else is cement itself followed by sand. There are different varieties of cement itself and manufacturers of cement in the country today are many, such that we have Dangote Cement, Eagle Cement, UNICEM etc.
Aside from identifying and purchasing good quality types of cement from manufacturers, the storage of your cement matters. It is recommended to store your bags of cement away from moisture and excessive heat. A storehouse would be required for this, especially when you buy large quantities of cement.
The quality of sand also matters when it comes to high-quality cement blocks production. There are many kinds of sands in the market. The quality of cement blocks you produce depends on the quality of sand you choose. Sometimes, you may have to combine the three kinds of sands namely sharp sand, stone dust and mud sand to produce high-quality cement blocks for commercial usage.
A Recemt Profitability and Feasibility Analysis on cement Block Business In Nigeria
So, let’s wrap this up with a simple feasibility analysis on cement block production in Nigeria. If for example you use about 15 bags of cement to produce 500 units of 9 inches block and you sell each of these blocks for N150 per unit, you will realize N75,000.
Now, if you take out the production costs including the labourers’ wages of about N45,000, you will be left with about N30,000. If you multiply this by 24 days (excluding Sundays) you would realize nothing less than N720,000 in profits to produce 9 inches blocks. However, this profit margin could triple if you were producing 6 inches blocks.