Cattle farming in Nigeria is a kind of livestock farming which is more concentrated on cattle. Cattle farming is largely synonymous to people of Northern Nigeria and while there are still cattle farmers in other parts of Nigeria, majority of these rearers are still migrated northerners.
However, other tribes still go into cattle rearing but most prefer to employ Northern men to manage and grow their Cow farms while they pay them some compensations since they are the known experts for cattle rearing. Some other persons who have once resided in the North are able to set up Cattle farms in their indigenous communities because they’ve learnt the practicality of cattle rearing from itenary journeys.
From research and experience of professional cattle farmers, this article would discuss in a enclosure, known problems associated with basic cattle rearing as well as tips to dissolve or manage these problems in order to grow your cattle farm successfully and lucratively in Nigeria.
14 Tips to Grow Your Cattle Farming in Nigeria
1. Ensure good health of the Cattle
Healthy cattle for a start up gives a sense of reasonableness and guarantees survival to a very large extent. While one may not deliberately want to obtain sick herds, the possibility of obtaining sick herds is very high especially when you’re buying from herders who do not know or take seriously the importance of healthiness amongst Cattle. Many cattle diseases are infectious and can be passed from one to the other so starting off with healthy Cattle is a sure good practice.
2. Provide Adequate Health During Mating
During the mating season the number of sick cows or other animals may soar and if sick cattles are allowed to mate, the resulting offsprings may become sick by heredity just like mother to child transmission of certain diseases in humans, similar processes have occurred in cattles as study shows. So it is important that while the mating season approaches or while the female cattles are on heat, they should be checked on with regard to good health conditions.
3. Secure Fertile Lands For Grazing
Just like nourishment in humans is affected by choice of food or food type, physical structures and adaptability of Cattle to a very large extent depend on their nourishment too, more precisely the grasses they eat. Pastures with pale-green grasses or malnourished grasses are definitely going to supply insufficient nutrients to these farm animals. Rich green deserted farm lands are one of the nicest places to graze on.
4. Avoid Grazing on Acidic Lands
Many pastures have suffered chemical manipulations on their soils although as a way of assisting crops and farm products artificially before being left for fallow. Such lands rid with whether growth or destructive chemicals at worse are not fit to serve as pasture grounds for farm animals.
5. Ensure Adequate Housing/Camps For Your Cattle
Cattle just like every other living thing need enough space for relaxation and locomotion. Enough space reduces competition amidst herds and reducing unnecessary injurious fightings. They tend to feel uncomfortable with tight environments and thus become uneasy and aggressive.
6. Food Supplements Should be Supplied When Necessary
If you’re farming for the market or for subsistency, You definitely need to go the extra mile of providing your flock with more than just enough nutrients. There are available products and feeds in the market to can aid their productivity and enhance quick growth and buoyancy. You’ll definitely need those.
7. Maintain Regular Veterinary Checkups
Yes, the role of veterinary services comes into play here. These professionals are to run check ups and tests on any herd suspected to be sick or I’ll before they are eventually lost or infect others. You’d need to register with one of the veterinary firms around so that they could always attend to you cheaper for such mass check ups and tests. Again this applies if you’re growing or intend to grow a large cattle farming business in Nigeria.
8. Milking Should be Regulated Considerably
In some places this milking practice is quite overdone. Some persons tend to milk the cows until the last drop of milk is not allowed to stay. This creates some kind of discomfort in the Cattle and it takes a longer time for them to be ready for the next milking. Milking of these Cattle should be regulated and not over done.
9. Feed them Well After Milking
Additionally, supplying the Cattle sufficient nutrients to prepare them for the milking process results in maximum yield while supplying them nutrients and supplements after each milking process replenishes their system and prepared them for the next soon enough.
10. Water Supply Should be Fresh, Steady and Plentiful
Cattle need a lot of fresh water to digest and complement their food intakes since they are herbivorous in nature and classified as large mammals. In order for your cattle farm business to thrive and grow, adequate fresh water supply should be one of your top priorities.
11. Vaccination Against all Cattle Diseases Must Be Done in Due Time
Regular vaccination not only shields humans from possible diseases but it has similar effects for livestock as well. And being time conscious with these vaccination exercises to a very large extent reduces the infection of the flock from one possible source as well as strengthens their immune system to withstand many other forms of ill- health which might want to threaten their survival.
12. Ecto-Parasites Should be Constantly Checked For
These are mostly visible from keen observation. In most places, they’re being overlooked and this best explains why some Cattle would always look malnourished even when they graze at the most fertile of pastures. These parasites affect healthy balance in Cattle. There are usually no vaccines but effective treatment measures are available for cattle owners.
13. Avoid Contamination of Flock From Or By External Herds
Cattle should not be allowed to breed with external herds whose health statuses cannot be established neither should external herds be allowed to mix and mingle with home Cattle until they are certified fit and of equal health standards with Cattle in your farm otherwise you’d be risking a whole lot of fortune.
14. Avoid Excessive
Excessive heat is neither comfortable not good for animals. In humans, exposure to excessive heat can either create or encourage male impotency. In Cattle the effect of excessive heat cannot be emphasized enough this is why their camping is usually an open place and not an enclosed confinement. In other words, Cattle need environmental balance and enough empty space to accommodate their numbers at any given time.
Cattle farming in Nigeria is indeed a profitable and age long business.