Cassava Farming business in in Nigeria is profitable business when you consider the bi products of Cassava and it’s varieties. In Nigeria, cassava is one of the highest in demand raw farm product used and needed in making many other finished products both for local consumption and global consumption.
As such, it is a very important farm product whose owners or investors must do all the necessary exercises to ensure maximum yield at harvest.
Organically cassava requires not less than 7 months from the time of planting to harvest period although there are a few other genetically modified species that currently do not require that long.
Certain farm diseases and pests are widely known to attack cassava and similar plants and this is one of the major problems cassava farmers in Nigeria face and it largely affects pathetically those who’s technical know-how and skillfulness isn’t enough to understand and effectively apply curative measures.
Today, we are concentrating on just how you can Grow Your Cassava Farming in Nigeria and be will maintained and productive.
10 Tips To Grow Your Cassava Farming in Nigeria
1. Plant with the Season
Sometimes it happens that people do plant late perhaps while waiting for more rain showers or delay from personal efforts. As negligible as it may appear, it actually has a somewhat direct effect on productivity and plant yield. Early planting affords enough and ample time for environmental adaptation of crops and maximum growth before the end of the season. It also puts you at a harvesting period ahead of many other investors which means you’d be welcoming your return on investment much earlier than the majority.
2. Field Maintenance Should be Weekly
Yes, weekly field maintenance on your cassava farms has been proven a worthy practice, especially with these modified species that experience rapid and quick growth, every day of the week counts as they mature quick and early there should be regular attention given to them to detect flaws quick enough.
3. Apply Fertilization
No matter how naturally fertile a land could be, it still requires some level of artificial aids by way of fertilization and trust me such already fertile lands do much better with such assistance rendered to them. There can never be a case of over-manuring or over-nourishment. The system itself is self-regulatory. If there’s excess manure, they go into reserve. Your crops can only take what they need so apply as much fertilization factors as you can.
4. Apply the Principle of Shifting Cultivation
Shifting cultivation Is a practice where lands are rotated for plant cultivation by the owner. Inasmuch as mixed-farming is also another way of aiding the farm on a general aspect, shifting cultivation has more benefits for your cassava farm in the sense that it allows the lands enough time to recuperate for mineral loss which is partially inevitable. So as a cassava farmer, You may choose to have 4 different lands for this purpose. Good judgement lets you know how to rotate these farms on a yearly or seasonal basis.
5. Viable and Healthy Seedlings are Mandatory
For your Cassava farm to thrive and grow in Nigeria and world over, the pioneers of cultivation must be viable and in good health conditions. If you’re just about starting, please note that good and healthy cultivation products are relatively expensive and quite hard to find. However, to a very reasonable extent, they guarantee you success and the maximal yield factor play as long as all other conditions are taken care of accordingly as well.
6. Artificial Irrigation May be Necessary
Togo is a country whose residential farmers usually do not depend on rain for cultivation. Over 96% of farms in Togo have artificial irrigation facilities in the likes of wells, pumps, sprinklers etc built in them. If it rains, they’re content and if it doesn’t their irrigation services are put to work. Cassava isn’t a plant that requires too much water presence since it’s a tuber and tubers usually have long roots which they use to suck water from the depths but definitely random artificial irrigations on your cassava farm would agreeably do much good than harm to your farm in Nigeria.
7. Watch out for Nutrient Deficiencies
A good farmer in Nigeria who aspires to be successful and reap bountiful harvests is always keen at observing the growth characteristics of all plants in the farm. This is why site visit and maintenance should be a weekly commitment. Signs such as pale leaves, leaves rot, stem rot etc are all signs of deficiency and infection.
Do not neglect them concluding that they’re bad already or hoping they’d come around. You should be quick to find a solution because if they linger on for long, they’d probably infect more healthy crops gradually turning the farm into a nightmare. Wood ash is usually good for curbing some general crop infections in Nigeria locally.
8. Shed the Roots From Direct Sunlight
Sunlight is necessary for plant growth and is required for Light Phase Photosynthesis, That’s agreed but then only plant leaves have useful need for this. The stems and the roots of plants do not require direct sunlight as they usually do not have photocells or chlorophyll, that’s science by the way. In a nutshell, do not expose your crop roots to sunlight, it is very possible and most likely that during weeding as a form of maintenance and taking out unwanted and stubborn plants, You may expose some parts of the roots to sunlight this is very damaging this is why your moulds and rigs shouldn’t be too shallow.
9. Enough Spacing Between Other Plants
This allows for satisfactory nutrient distribution. No plant is side-kicked, dominated or neglected. It reduces the tendency for Nutrient competition amongst other plants. The spaces in between should be enough for a cat walk or door path. When plants are jam packed or planted in close-knit, large plant quantity is attained but productive quantity and production quality is greatly affected as it is reduced.
10. Do Your Tillage Before Cultivation
The primary reason for good land tillage in Nigeria before cultivation is for the purpose of attaining good soil aeration and increasing soil porosity otherwise there wouldn’t be sufficient circulation of oxygen, nitrogen and other mandatory gases in the soil. Also water circulation is affected. It’s sad but I do not know how many farmers in Nigeria still practice soil tillage before farming and even if they do, are they good enough?
These tips when applied carefully and correctly have the embedded potential to turn your little cassava farm business in Nigeria into a multi-million Naira investment.